BSBI species accounts

The species accounts available on this page provide information on identification, habitat, biogeography, ecology, threats and suitable management for a range of threatened and nationally rare and scarce species that have experienced declines in recent years in Great Britain and Ireland. Many are listed as species of principal importance under Section 41 (England) or Section 42 (Wales) of the Natural Environment and Rural Communities (NERC) Act (2006) or feature in the Scottish Biodiversity List.

The accounts provide a review of the available literature in an easily digestible read that we hope will be of interest to botanists, academics, conservationists and land managers alike. They are freely available to download and use, but we ask that a suitable citation is attached that follows the following format: Walker, K.J. & Stroh, P.A. 2014. Carex ericetorum Pollich. Rare Spring Sedge. Species account. [version and year accessed]. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.

We would like to acknowledge Natural Resources Wales, Natural England and Scottish Natural Heritage for funding the production of these accounts. If you would like further information, please contact Pete Stroh.

Species accounts available to download.

To download an account, click on a species name listed in the Table below. The documents will be periodically updated, and additional accounts will be added to the page on completion. 

species accounts

Table of Species Accounts

Species name Common name GB status England status Wales status NERC Act 2006
Ajuga pyramidalis Pyramidal Bugle VU CR Not present S. 41
Alchemilla acutiloba Starry Lady's-mantle VU VU Not present S.41
Alchemilla glomerulans Clustered Lady's-mantle VU EN not present
Alchemilla monticola Velvet Lady's-mantle EN EN Not present S.41
Alchemilla subcrenata Large-toothed Lady's-mantle EN EN Not present S.41
Allium oleraceum Field Garlic VU LC VU
Alopecurus magellanicus Alpine Foxtail LC NT Not present
Anacamptis morio Green-winged Orchid NT VU LC
Antennaria dioica Mountain Everlasting NC VU LC
Apium repens Creeping Marshwort VU EN Not present
Bartsia alpina Alpine Bartsia LC VU Not present
Betula nana Dwarf Birch LC CR Not present
Blysmus compressus Flat-sedge VU VU VU S.41 & S.42
Carex elongata Elongated Sedge LC NT EN
Carex ericetorum Rare Spring-sedge VU VU Not present S.41
Chamaemelum nobile Chamomile VU VU EN S.41 & S.42
Cirsium heterophyllum Melancholy Thistle LC NT EN
Cirsium tuberosum Tuberous Thistle NT NT VU
Clinopodium acinos Basil Thyme VU VU VU S.41 & S.42
Crepis mollis Northern Hawk’s-beard EN VU RE S.41
Dianthus armeria Deptford Pink EN EN VU S.42
Dianthus deltoides Maiden Pink NT VU NT
Dianthus gratianopolitanus Cheddar Pink VU VU Not present
Dryas octopetala Mountain Avens LC VU EN
Epipactis atrorubens Dark-red Helleborine LC LC EN
Equisetum pratense Shady Horsetail LC NT Not present
Euphrasia pseudokerneri Chalk Eyebright EN VU VU
Festuca altissima Wood Fescue LC LC LC
Filago vulgaris Common Cudweed NT NT VU
Genista tinctoria Dyer’s Greenweed LC VU LC
Gentiana verna Spring Gentian LC VU Not present
Gentianella campestris Field Gentian VU EN EN S.41 & S.42
Geranium sylvaticum Wood Crane’s-bill LC NT CR
Gnaphalium sylvaticum Heath Cudweed EN EN CR
Hammarbya paludosa Bog Orchid LC VU EN S.42
Helianthemum apenninum White Rock-rose VU VU Not present
Helianthemum oelandicum subsp. levigatum Hoary Rock-rose VU VU Not present S.41
Herminium monorchis Musk Orchid VU EN RE S.41
Hypochaeris glabra Smooth Cat’s-ear VU VU LC
Iberis amara Wild Candytuft VU VU Not present
Juncus compressus Round-fruited Rush NT VU EN
Kobresia simpliciuscula False Sedge LC LC Not present
Mentha pulegium Pennyroyal EN CR CR S.41 & S.42
Meum athamanticum Spignel NT LC VU
Minuartia hybrida Fine-leaved Sandwort EN EN Not present S.41
Minuartia stricta Teesdale Sandwort VU EN Not present
Myosotis alpestris Alpine Forget-me-not NY VU Not present
Oenanthe fistulosa Tubular Water-dropwort VU VU LC S.41 & S.42
Ophrys insectifera Fly Orchid VU VU VU
Orchis militaris Military Orchid VU VU Not present
Persicaria mitis Tasteless Water-pepper VU VU VU
Phleum alpinum Alpine Cat’s-tail LC CR Not present
Polygala amarella Dwarf Milkwort EN EN Not present
Potentilla argentea Hoary Cinquefoil NT NT VU
Potentilla crantzii Alpine Cinquefoil LC LC EN
Potentilla fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil NT NT Not present
Potentilla tabernaemontani Spring Cinquefoil LC LC LC
Pseudorchis albida Small-white Orchid VU VU CR
Radiola linoides Allseed NT VU LC
Ribes spicatum Downy Currant LC LC Not present
Rumex aquaticus Scottish Dock VU Not present Not present
Saxifraga granulata Meadow Saxifrage LC LC LC
Saxifraga hirculus Marsh Saxifrage VU LC Not present S.41
Sedum villosum Hairy Stonecrop NT VU Not present
Seseli libanotis Moon Carrot NT NT Not present
Sibthorpia europaea Cornish Moneywort LC LC LC
Silene conica Sand Catchfly VU EN VU
Silene nutans Nottingham Catchfly NT NT NT
Silene otites Spanish Catchfly EN EN Not present S.41
Spiranthes spiralis Autumn Lady’s-tresses NT NT LC
Teesdalia nudicaulis Shepherd’s Cress NT NT LC
Tephroseris integrifolia Field Fleawort EN VU VU (subsp. maritima) yes
Trollius europaeus Globeflower LC LC LC S.42
Tuberaria guttata Spotted Rock-rose NT abs LC
Vicia orobus Wood Bitter-vetch NT VU LC S.42
Vicia parviflora Slender Tare VU VU Not present
Viola lutea Mountain Pansy LC NT LC
Viola rupestris Teesdale Violet LC LC Not present